Gli austriaci e Carlo III di Borbone
Dopo la breve parentesi del dominio austriaco il regno riacquistò autonomia con la presa di potere di Carlo III di Borbone che, riallacciando i rapporti con la Sublime Porta, volle che Brindisi fosse punto di passaggio del servizio postale che univa Napoli a Costantinopoli e l’istituzione di un tribunale del commercio di mare e di terra.
Il sisma del 20 febbraio 1743, accelerò, in certo senso, la riqualificazione urbanistica della città che, da baluardo militare doveva trasformarsi in emporio commerciale.
The Austrians and Charles III of Bourbon
At the end of the XVII century B. was stricken by a terrible earthquake followed by famine caused by the shortage of manpower in the countryside. No wonder when 1707 people welcomed the new Lords of the kingdom of Naples: the Austrians.
Unfortunately bad luck stroke B. again, infact in 1712 there was a large livestock epidemic and in 1731 another earthquake damaged the Cathedral. The Austrians ruled until 1734 when Charles III of Bourbon, son of Philip V of Spain, conquered the Kingdom of Naples. He was a good king for B. He extended the entrance of the north-west aria in the external harbour. Besides a trade and sea trade law-court was built. B. also became the last dock of the mail service to Constantinople which started from Naples. Once again in 1743 a terrible earthquake damaged many buildings, houses and the Norman Cathedral which was first demolished and then restored again after a few years. In 1744 the seminary was completed and inaugurated and Monsignor Annibale De Leo opened a public library on the ground floor of the building the oldest library in all Salento which contains over 7000 books.